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Academic integrity: Home

Research Ethics

It is unethical to use work or ideas of other people and fail to acknowledge it. Using others thoughts, writings, and inventions and not acknowledging will be considered as plagiarism.

References (citation) must be provided whenever someone else’s ideas, opinions, theories, or data are used. You must reference information from books, journals, magazines, newspapers, videos, sound recordings, websites, lectures and personal communication – in fact any borrowed or adapted information.



A "citation" is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again, including:

  • information about the author
  • the title of the work
  • the name and location of the company that published your copy of the source
  • the date your copy was published
  • the page numbers of the material you are borrowing


Giving credit to the original author by citing sources is the only way to use other people's work without plagiarizing. But there are a number of other reasons to cite sources:

  • citations are extremely helpful to anyone who wants to find out more about your ideas and where they came from
  • not all sources are good or right -- your own ideas may often be more accurate or interesting than those of your sources. Proper citation will keep you from taking the rap for someone else's bad ideas
  • citing sources shows the amount of research you've done
  • citing sources strengthens your work by lending outside support to your ideas


Whenever you borrow words or ideas, you need to acknowledge their source. The following situations almost always require citation:

  • whenever you use quotes
  • whenever you paraphrase
  • whenever you use an idea that someone else has already expressed
  • whenever you make specific reference to the work of another
  • whenever someone else's work has been critical in developing your own ideas.

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Academic integrity

Academic integrity is the moral code/ethical policy that should be followed in all academic activities . This includes values such as avoidance of cheating or plagiarism; maintenance of academic standards; honesty and rigor in research andacademic publishing.

Academic integrity governs the way in which you research and write while at University. It is founded on the principles of respect for knowledge, truth, scholarship and acting with honesty. These principles and values are the foundation of academia.


What is Plagiarism? (click here for more details)

"Plagiarism is the act of stealing the ideas and/or the expression of another person and representing them as your own. Plagiarism is a form of cheating and no student shall, with intent to deceive, represent the work of another person as his or her own in any academic writing, essay, thesis, research report, project or assignment submitted in a course or program of study or represent as his or her own an entire essay or work of another. A student commits plagiarism if he submits work that is not truly the product of his own mind and skills."(Student Handbook 2010-2011. Plagiarism. p.46-48. KUSTAR, 2010)

Turnitin- plagiarism detecting software  

  • Khalifa University uses ‘Turnitin’ as a plagiarism-detection software.
  • All electronically-submitted coursework is checked by faculty (mandatory).
  • Turnitin plagiarism score equal or greater than 15% will be awarded zero marks.

Tips to remember

  • Enclose all copied parts in “quotations” marks.
  • Refer to the original source, either in the body of your paper or in a note.
  • Make sure you are paraphrasing correctly, and not just rearranging words.
  • Always give credit to the source.
  • Double check your work.

Avoiding plagiarism

How do I Cite ?


This depends on what type of work you are writing, how you are using the borrowed material, and the expectations of your instructor. If you are writing an article for publishing, you should follow the citation style recommened by the journal/book where you would like to publish. There are also different forms of citation for different disciplines.

Some of the widely used citation styles are given below

Chicago Style

APA Style

IEEE Citation Format

Subject Guide

Nikesh Narayanan's picture
Nikesh Narayanan
E-System Librarian
Khalifa University of Science, Technology and Research
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Citation management software

There are many software tools which would help you to organize and cite your references:

Please click here for more details  

 Citation Managers