It is unethical to use work or ideas of other people and fail to acknowledge it. Using others thoughts, writings, and inventions and not acknowledging will be considered as plagiarism.
References (citation) must be provided whenever someone else’s ideas, opinions, theories, or data are used. You must reference information from books, journals, magazines, newspapers, videos, sound recordings, websites, lectures and personal communication – in fact any borrowed or adapted information.
WHAT IS CITATION?
A "citation" is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again, including:
WHY SHOULD I CITE SOURCES?
Giving credit to the original author by citing sources is the only way to use other people's work without plagiarizing. But there are a number of other reasons to cite sources:
WHEN DO I NEED TO CITE?
Whenever you borrow words or ideas, you need to acknowledge their source. The following situations almost always require citation:
source : http://www.plagiarism.org/
Academic integrity is the moral code/ethical policy that should be followed in all academic activities . This includes values such as avoidance of cheating or plagiarism; maintenance of academic standards; honesty and rigor in research andacademic publishing.
Academic integrity governs the way in which you research and write while at University. It is founded on the principles of respect for knowledge, truth, scholarship and acting with honesty. These principles and values are the foundation of academia.
What is Plagiarism? (click here for more details)
"Plagiarism is the act of stealing the ideas and/or the expression of another person and representing them as your own. Plagiarism is a form of cheating and no student shall, with intent to deceive, represent the work of another person as his or her own in any academic writing, essay, thesis, research report, project or assignment submitted in a course or program of study or represent as his or her own an entire essay or work of another. A student commits plagiarism if he submits work that is not truly the product of his own mind and skills."(Student Handbook 2010-2011. Plagiarism. p.46-48. KUSTAR, 2010)
Turnitin- plagiarism detecting software
Tips to remember
HOW DO I CITE SOURCES?
This depends on what type of work you are writing, how you are using the borrowed material, and the expectations of your instructor. If you are writing an article for publishing, you should follow the citation style recommened by the journal/book where you would like to publish. There are also different forms of citation for different disciplines.
Some of the widely used citation styles are given below