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English Communication: Sample references

Use this guide to explore resources relating to the study of English & Creative Writing at Khalifa University

Examples of full citations for various source types

Website

Elements of the citation:

[Reference number] Author or editor if available, Title,  Available: site/path/file.  [Accessed: date].

Example:
[1]  J. Armstrong: Brief Biography, Available: http://www.ecse.monash.edu.au/staff/jeana/aboutarmstrong.html .  [Accessed: Jan. 16, 2002].

 

Book (print)

Elements of the citation:

[Reference number] Author(s) First initials. Surname, or name of organisation, Title of book, no. of ed., City: Publisher, Year of Publication, page number/s.

Example:
[2] C. L. Al Qaabi, Power Electronics, 3rd. ed., London: McGraw-Hill, 2011, pp. 5-9.

 

Book (electronic)

Elements of the citation:

[Reference number] Author(s) First initials. Surname. Title of book, no. of ed., year of publication. [Online].  Available: site/path/file  [Accessed: Date].

Example:
[3] A. K. Salkintzis. Mobile Internet: enabling technologies and services. 2004. [Online]. Available: http://www.engnetbase.com/books/1253/1631_fm.pdf . [Accessed: Nov. 4, 2011].

 

Chapter in a book (print)

Elements of the citation:

[Reference number] Author(s) First name or initials. Surname, "Title of the chapter," in Title of the book, no. of ed., vol. no. if available, Ed. if available, City: Publisher, Year of Publication, pp. for first and last pages of the chapter.

Example:
[4] G. K. Knopf and A. S. Bassi, "Biological-based optical sensors and transducers," in Opto-mechatronic Systems Handbook: Techniques and Applications, H. Cho, Ed.  Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2003, pp. 195-210.

 

Journal/Newspaper article (print)

Elements of the citation:

[Reference number] Author(s) First initials. Surname, "Title of article," Title of journal, volume number, (issue number), pp. first and last pages of the article, year of publication.

Example:
[5] K. P. Dabke and K. M. Thomas, "Expert system guidance for library users," Library Hi Tech, vol. 10, (1-2), pp. 53-60, 1992.

 

Journal/Newspaper article (electronic)

Elements of the citation:

[Reference number] Author(s) First initials. Surname, "Title of article," Title of Journal, volume number, (issue number), pp. pages. (year, month). [Online] Available: site/path/file.  [Accessed: date].

Example:
[6] J. S. Fulda, "The Internet as an engine of scholarship," ACM SIGCAS Computers and Society. [Online]. 30 (1), pp. 17-27. (2000, March). [cited Jan. 4, 2010]. Available: http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/572217.572222

 

Conference paper (print)

Elements of the citation:

[Reference number] Author(s) First initials. Surname, "Title of paper," in Title of the Conference, Editor/s first initials and last name if available, Ed. Place of publication: Publisher if available, Date of publication, pp. first and last pages of the paper.

Example:
[7] A. H. Cookson and B. O. Pedersen, "Thermal measurements in a 1200kV compressed gas insulated transmission line," in Seventh IEEE Power Engineering Society Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition, 1979, pp. 163-167.

 

Conference paper (electronic)

Elements of the citation:

[Reference number] Author(s) First initials. Surname, "Paper title,"  Presented at Conference title, City of conference if any, Month and year of conference, [Medium].  Available: URL .  [Accessed: date].

Example:
[8] X. Yang, "NIRA: a new Internet routing architecture," in ACM SIGCOMM FDNA 2003 Workshop, Aug. 2003.  [Online].  Available: http://www.isi.edu/newarch/DOCUMENTS/yang.nira.pdf .   [Accessed: 24 Oct. 2010].

 

Theses or dissertations (print)

Elements of the citation:

[Reference number] Author First initials. Surname, "Title of thesis," Type of thesis, Department if available, University name, City, State if relevant, Country, Year of publication.

Example:
[9] S. Birch, "Dolphin-human interaction effects: frequency mediated psychophysiological responses in biological systems," Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Electrical and Computer Systems Engineering, Monash University, Victoria, Australia, 1997.