The examples provided in this guide are based on the official style guidelines outlined in The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Ed.
IEEE uses The Chicago Manual of Style for guidance on grammar and usage not included in its own manual.
The Chicago manual of style
Chicago : The University of Chicago Press, 2010
AD Reference Z253 .U69 2010
A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations : Chicago style for students and researchers
Kate Turabian et al.
Chicago : The University of Chicago press, 2007
AD Reference LB2369 .T8 2007
Chicago style typically uses footnotes or endnotes, with a bibliography at the end of the text. Chicago style is frequently used in the social sciences and other academic disciplines. It is used by Civil Security and International Studies at Khalifa.
In footnote/endnote style, there are different three ways that a source may be cited:
1. A FULL endnote/footnote citation appears the FIRST time that a source is cited in a paper.
2. A SHORTENED endnote citation appears the SECOND and all subsequent times a source is cited.
3. A BIBLIOGRAPHY listing appears at the end of the text, containing complete bibliographic information about the source.
(Chicago also has a method for In-Text, parenthetical citations, not addressed here.)