• References for electronic documents begin with the same information that would be provided for a printed source.
• Additional information must be provided (depending on the type of electronic publication) to correctly identify that you accessed the document in an electronic format.
• An electronic publication could be an internet site, an email, a journal article published on the internet, or a journal article retrieved from a full text database.
• Some documents are published in both paper and electronic formats. Please cite according to the format you accessed.
• Be aware that pagination may not be specified for many online publications. The number of the starting page can be included in your citation if it is given, and/or the number of pages in the document. For example: p. 7+ or (5 pp.).
• include the DOI if one is assigned.
• If no DOI is assigned, include the name of the database or the internet address as appropriate
The elements listed below may be a useful guide to what you need to record when citing an electronic document: